Why desex my male dog? Gawler Animal Hospital explains | Gawler Animal Hospital

Desex male dog surgery

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Gawler Animal Hospital
76 Adelaide Road
Gawler South
SA 5118

08 8522 3500

What does a desex male dog surgery involve?

Desexing a male dog involves a general anaesthetic and the surgical removal of the testicles, preventing breeding. This surgical procedure is also known as castration. A small incision is made just in front of the scrotum and each testicle is exteriorised then the vas deferens and vessels are surgically ligated before removing them individually. The scrotal sac itself is not removed and may be swollen temporarily after the surgery. The surgical site is sutured using dissolvable stitches on the inside called intradermal sutures. This technique ensures that your dog does not pull out the stitches too early and the post-operative care is minimal after the desex male dog surgery.

Should I have my male dog desexed?

There are many advantages to the desex male dog surgery and the vets at Gawler Animal Hospital highly recommend the procedure for the following reasons:

1)      Behaviour

The incidence of aggression in undesexed or entire male dogs is a lot higher due to the elevated testosterone levels in the body. Male dogs tend to be more territorial and can appear more threatening to other dogs (especially other male dogs) if they have not been desexed. As a result, undesexed male dogs may be less social with other dogs and may get into fights more easily. The other problem is that undesexed male dogs will mark their territory with their urine constantly which can be unpleasant on walks and unhygienic in the household. This behaviour is often eliminated if desexing is performed at 6 months of age or earlier.

2)      Prevention of prostate problems in the future

As a male dog ages, the testosterone influences the prostate gland to enlarge. If the prostate gland gets too big, then urination and defecation can be difficult and painful for the dog, often causing blockages. Prostatic infections and abscesses are also more common in male dogs that have not been desexed and these diseases can be life threatening.

3)      Reducing the stray dog population

It is now considered to be responsible for a pet owner to ensure their dog gets desexed – male or female. This is due to the ever-increasing stream of unwanted pets that wind up at the local dog pound with no home to go to. Desexing your dog increases the chance that you will have a strong bond with your pet as desexed male dogs are more easily trained and therefore tend to fit into our lifestyle better. Desexing also eliminates unplanned breeding so that less unwanted puppies are born that may be surrendered at the pound.

4)      Reduced risk of roaming

Dogs have an incredible sense of smell and can smell when a female dog is on heat (comes into season for breeding). This unfortunately encourages undesexed male dogs to escape, often injuring themselves on fences or getting into road accidents during their search for a mate. By removing the sexual urge, this can relieve your male dog of the desire to get out of the yard and therefore increase his safety.

Is there any pain involved in the surgery? 

Your dog will be given strong pain relief before and after the surgery takes place to reduce the incidence of pain. Sometimes your dog may lick the surgery site which can cause problems if it is excessive. Licking can be prevented by a special bitter-tasting spray or an Elizabethan collar. It is a good idea to observe your dog’s surgical wound each day for any problems that may occur, though the incidence of post-operative problems is very low given it is a routine procedure.

What is the best age to have the desex male dog surgery? 

The vets at Gawler Animal Hospital recommends that the desex male dog surgery is carried out at 6 months of age (or earlier if required).

For further information about desexing male dogs, please contact our team